Challenges Faced in Internet Of Things (IOT)

Now, it’s not only with our computers but also with the “things” that communicate with the Internet without our intervention. These “things” are constantly communicating with the Internet, sending messages to the mechanic to inform the refrigerator or our vehicle of its oil levels, sending an update of the food inside.

Image source: Research Gate

IoT Solutions is amazing in many ways. But unfortunately, technology has not yet matured, and it is not completely secure. The overall IoT environment, from manufacturers to consumers, still has many security challenges for IoT to overcome, including:

*Manufacturing standards, *update management, *physical hardening, *customer knowledge, and awareness

#1. Walled Off Internet

Each manufacturer is effectively creating their own walled garden with features and protocols that work only with branded devices and applications, scrapping customers to figure out what new and expensive device works or how to connect with what they have. Things they don’t have. Jumping through hoops. While it is a pleasure to bring products to market quickly, it can quickly create nightmares for end users.

The recently popularized Wink Hub Smart Home Controller has abruptly stopped working for many users, rendering their smart home devices useless until the day after the release of a solution that requires a manual update.

Philips shut down the ability of third-party Internet-connected light bulbs to use its hue hubs, and then quickly backtracked amid outrage from the tech community.

With examples like these, it can be assumed that when connected devices receive more traction, these types of conditions increase with increasing frequency frequency, which is a bad proposition for customers who expect it to work immediately.

#2. Cloud Attacks

The cloud- and fog-enabled IoT system has many integrations and many services running to support system operations and management. Each of these represents points of entry into the system for malicious actors.

With the addition of new services based on the edge of CSPs, attackers can also focus on the logic that runs on the device. Adding a layer of fog adds more complexity to the system and another target of attack

The following are some of the threats associated with the cloud-enabled IoT system. For each, make sure you have system requirements that reduce them properly:

* Disabling IoT device sensors
* The sensor is damaged with inputs
* Editing sensor data on the device
* Hijacking the command control link to the device
* Overwriting / changing event-based processing rules on the device
* Uploading new firmware to device …

#3. Botnet Problems

Malicious actors create botnets by infecting connected devices with malware and then managing them through a command and control server. After an attacker compromises a device on a specific network, there is a risk of infecting all malicious devices on that network.

The botnet attack was devastating. In 2016, the Mirai botnet shut down most of the internet, including Twitter, Netflix, Etc, as well as major Russian banks and the entire country, including Liberia. The botnet took advantage of insecure Internet devices (IoT), such as security cameras, which installed malware and then attacked DYN servers that changed Internet traffic.

The industry is awake, and device manufacturers, regulators, telecom companies, and Internet infrastructure providers are working together to disassemble, disassemble, or reassemble compromised devices, and make sure such a botnet is not rebuilt.

#4. IOT Security Issues

Image source: Arab essay

In 2016, a hacker discovered vulnerability to a specific design of security cameras. Nearly 3000+ Internet of Things (IoT) video recorders attacked many social networking sites and cut down Twitter and other high-profile platforms for nearly two hours. This attack is an example of what happens to IoT devices with poor security.

Security and privacy are integral parts of IoT networks.
It is important to ensure privacy and security in various activities such as transportation, Operations, business processes, and data protection.

Access control is guaranteed only to authorized entities
Allow to access and edit information. IoT systems
also wanted self-healing (detecting, diagnosing, and resisting an attack).
Therefore, IoT security can be applied here:
* Application layer. *Network layer. *Physical layer.

Most IoT data is available and stored in Internet, so researchers need to focus on the new web Security level methods and solutions.

#5. Lack of Confidence

Consumers and businesses have serious concerns about IoT security and there is little confidence that IoT service providers and device manufacturers can protect IoT devices and, in particular, the integrity of data created, stored and transmitted by these devices.

As long as businesses and consumers have confidence in IoT, you will not see widespread adoption.

#6. Understanding Internet of Things(IOT)

IoT has the ability to provide solutions to customers that dramatically improve energy, efficiency, safety, health, education, and many other aspects of daily life. For companies, IoT
Strengthens decision-making and productivity-enhancing solutions in manufacturing, retail, agriculture, and other sectors.

I. The Internet of Things can launch across many of the next life-enhancing services Basic sectors of the economy.
II. Global distribution models and sustainable global services may be required to meet customer needs.
III. The Internet of Things provides an opportunity for new business models to support mass global expansions.
IV. More revenue comes from providing value-added services and mobile operators are building new capabilities to launch these new service areas.
V. Device and application behavior puts new and different demands on mobile networks.

#7. Limited AI

IoT devices generate a lot of data that must be collected and dug up for action results. This is where Artificial Intelligence comes into play. The Internet of Things is used to collect and maintain large amounts of data required for artificial intelligence algorithms. In turn, these algorithms convert data into useful action results that can be executed by IoT devices

AI supports “all effective” IoT efforts, and without AI, data from deployments will have “limited value”. If your company has plans to implement IoT-based solutions, those plans should probably include AI as well.

#8. AI-Built Security Issues

The number of cyber-attacks has increased in frequency, frequency, and effectiveness, drawing more attention to the vulnerability of cyber systems and the need to increase their security.

In light of this changing landscape, there is considerable concern and interest among policymakers, security practitioners, technologists, researchers, and the public about the potential implications of AI and ML for cyber security.

Smart IoT that integrates and optimizes AI applications, devices, data, and IoT to IoT; AI-enabled Cyber‌ Security, which provides data security encryption and better situational awareness to provide the document, data, and network locking using smart distribution data stored by the AI key.

SEO Executive and a Content Writer interested to write on Artificial Intelligence, Mobile App development, Machine Learning, Deep Learning, HRM & tech Blogs